Contraception and Family Planning

Contraception and Family Planning

Access exceptional Contraceptives and Family Planning services at RoyalDocline Clinic. Our distinguished OBGYN expert provides tailored guidance and unwavering support. Empower yourself in managing your reproductive health—secure an appointment with us for comprehensive care today.

Our Team

Senior Consultant

Contraception and family planning are crucial aspects of reproductive health that allow individuals and couples to make informed decisions about when and how to have children. There are various contraceptive methods available, each with its own benefits, considerations, and effectiveness rates. The choice of contraception depends on factors such as personal preferences, medical history, lifestyle, and future family planning goals.

Common Contraceptive Methods:

  1. Barrier Methods:

    • Condoms: Male and female condoms provide a barrier to prevent sperm from reaching the egg. They also help protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
    • Diaphragms and Cervical Caps: These are devices that cover the cervix and block sperm from entering the uterus.
  2. Hormonal Methods:

    • Birth Control Pills: Oral contraceptives contain hormones (estrogen and progestin) to prevent ovulation and change the cervical mucus, making it more difficult for sperm to reach the egg.
    • Birth Control Patch: This is a skin patch that releases hormones to prevent pregnancy.
    • Birth Control Ring: A flexible ring placed in the vagina releases hormones to prevent pregnancy.
  3. Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptives (LARCs):

    • Intrauterine Devices (IUDs): These are small, T-shaped devices inserted into the uterus. Some release hormones, while others use copper to prevent pregnancy. They can provide protection for several years.
    • Implants: Small, flexible rods placed under the skin release hormones to prevent pregnancy and can provide protection for several years.
  4. Injectables:

    • Depo-Provera (Birth Control Shot): This injectable contraceptive contains progestin and provides protection for several weeks.
  5. Permanent Methods:

    • Tubal Ligation (Female Sterilization): A surgical procedure that closes or blocks the fallopian tubes to prevent eggs from reaching the uterus.
    • Vasectomy (Male Sterilization): A surgical procedure that involves cutting or blocking the vas deferens, preventing sperm from reaching the semen.

Family Planning and Fertility Awareness:

  1. Fertility Awareness Methods (FAM):

    • Tracking menstrual cycles, basal body temperature, and cervical mucus to identify fertile and non-fertile periods.
  2. Natural Family Planning (NFP):

    • Similar to FAM, NFP involves abstaining from sexual intercourse or using barrier methods during fertile periods.
  3. Emergency Contraception:

    • Also known as the “morning-after pill,” emergency contraception can be used after unprotected sex to reduce the risk of pregnancy.


  1. Effectiveness: Different methods vary in effectiveness. Some require consistent and correct use, while others offer long-term protection with minimal user intervention.

  2. Health Considerations: Certain health conditions or medications may impact the choice of contraception. It’s important to consult with a healthcare provider to determine the most suitable option.

  3. STI Prevention: Condoms are the only contraceptive method that provides protection against sexually transmitted infections. Combining condoms with other methods can enhance overall protection.

  4. Reversibility: Some methods, like sterilization, are permanent, while others can be discontinued when fertility is desired.

  5. Cultural and Religious Beliefs: Personal values and cultural or religious beliefs may influence the choice of contraceptive methods.

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